U.S. sugar production is forecast to reach a fiscal year record in 2016-17 of 9.4 million short tons, raw value (STRV), 5.5% above the current estimate of 8.9 million STRV for 2015-16, and nearly 400,000 more than the previous record set in 1999-2000.
Sugar production in the U.S. is sourced from two distinct crops, sugarbeets and sugarcane. The majority — an average of 56.4% since 2000-01 — has come from sugarbeets. The leading producer of sugarbeets in the U.S. is Minnesota, followed by Idaho, North Dakota and Michigan. Those four states represented 83% of production in 2015. Sugarcane production is even more concentrated, with 91% of production occurring in Florida and Louisiana.
Domestic production for both sources of sugar increased in 2014-15 and is forecast to continue growing in 2015-16 and 2016-17. A significant portion of the production gains is expected to come from higher yields and sugar recovery rates, particularly for sugarbeets in 2016-17.
This chart uses data from the ERS Sugar and Sweeteners Yearbook tables and draws from the Sugar and Sweeteners Outlook report published in October 2016.